Links & DependenciesSharedViewModel.javafragment_a.xmlfragment_b.xmlFragmentA.javaFragmentB.javaactivity_main.xmlMainActivity.java
package com.codinginflow.sharedviewmodelexample;

import android.arch.lifecycle.LiveData;
import android.arch.lifecycle.MutableLiveData;
import android.arch.lifecycle.ViewModel;

public class SharedViewModel extends ViewModel {
    private MutableLiveData<CharSequence> text = new MutableLiveData<>();

    public void setText(CharSequence input) {
        text.setValue(input);
    }

    public LiveData<CharSequence> getText() {
        return text;
    }
}

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:background="@android:color/holo_green_light"
    android:gravity="center_horizontal"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:padding="16dp">

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/edit_text"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button_ok"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Ok" />

</LinearLayout>

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:background="@android:color/holo_blue_light"
    android:gravity="center_horizontal"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:padding="16dp">

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/edit_text"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button_ok"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Ok" />

</LinearLayout>

package com.codinginflow.sharedviewmodelexample;

import android.arch.lifecycle.Observer;
import android.arch.lifecycle.ViewModelProviders;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.annotation.NonNull;
import android.support.annotation.Nullable;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;

public class FragmentA extends Fragment {
    private SharedViewModel viewModel;
    private EditText editText;

    @Nullable
    @Override
    public View onCreateView(@NonNull LayoutInflater inflater, @Nullable ViewGroup container, @Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        View v = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_a, container, false);

        editText = v.findViewById(R.id.edit_text);
        Button button = v.findViewById(R.id.button_ok);
        button.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                viewModel.setText(editText.getText());
            }
        });

        return v;
    }

    @Override
    public void onActivityCreated(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onActivityCreated(savedInstanceState);
        viewModel = ViewModelProviders.of(getActivity()).get(SharedViewModel.class);
        viewModel.getText().observe(getViewLifecycleOwner(), new Observer<CharSequence>() {
            @Override
            public void onChanged(@Nullable CharSequence charSequence) {
                editText.setText(charSequence);
            }
        });
    }
}

package com.codinginflow.sharedviewmodelexample;

import android.arch.lifecycle.Observer;
import android.arch.lifecycle.ViewModelProviders;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.annotation.NonNull;
import android.support.annotation.Nullable;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;

public class FragmentB extends Fragment {
    private SharedViewModel viewModel;
    private EditText editText;

    @Nullable
    @Override
    public View onCreateView(@NonNull LayoutInflater inflater, @Nullable ViewGroup container, @Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        View v = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_b, container, false);

        editText = v.findViewById(R.id.edit_text);
        Button button = v.findViewById(R.id.button_ok);
        button.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                viewModel.setText(editText.getText());
            }
        });

        return v;
    }

    @Override
    public void onActivityCreated(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onActivityCreated(savedInstanceState);
        viewModel = ViewModelProviders.of(getActivity()).get(SharedViewModel.class);
        viewModel.getText().observe(getViewLifecycleOwner(), new Observer<CharSequence>() {
            @Override
            public void onChanged(@Nullable CharSequence charSequence) {
                editText.setText(charSequence);
            }
        });
    }
}

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <FrameLayout
        android:id="@+id/container_a"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

    <FrameLayout
        android:id="@+id/container_b"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

</LinearLayout>

package com.codinginflow.sharedviewmodelexample;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        getSupportFragmentManager().beginTransaction()
                .add(R.id.container_a, new FragmentA())
                .add(R.id.container_b, new FragmentB())
                .commit();
    }
}