activity_main.xmlMainActivity.java
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:gravity="center"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context="com.codinginflow.multipleonclicklistenerexample.MainActivity">

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button1"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="button1" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button2"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="button2" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button3"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="button3" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button4"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="button4" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button5"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="button5" />

</LinearLayout>
package com.codinginflow.multipleonclicklistenerexample;

import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements View.OnClickListener {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        Button button1 = findViewById(R.id.button1);
        Button button2 = findViewById(R.id.button2);
        Button button3 = findViewById(R.id.button3);
        Button button4 = findViewById(R.id.button4);
        Button button5 = findViewById(R.id.button5);

        button1.setOnClickListener(this);
        button2.setOnClickListener(this);
        button3.setOnClickListener(this);
        button4.setOnClickListener(this);
        button5.setOnClickListener(this);


    }

    @Override
    public void onClick(View v) {
        switch (v.getId()) {
            case R.id.button1:
                Toast.makeText(this, "Button 1 clicked", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                break;
            case R.id.button2:
                Toast.makeText(this, "Button 2 clicked", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                break;
            case R.id.button3:
                Toast.makeText(this, "Button 3 clicked", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                break;
            case R.id.button4:
                Toast.makeText(this, "Button 4 clicked", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                break;
            case R.id.button5:
                Toast.makeText(this, "Button 5 clicked", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                break;
        }
    }
}